English 439/539 | Visual Argument

a) identify the internal elements of a visual image b) understand the contexts in which images are interpreted c) establish the consistency of an interpretation of the visual d) chart changes in visual perspective over time. Insofar as I understand these requirements, I don’t see any insuperable problems with their being met. There are, however, some things are from Groarke’s articulation of a theory of visual argument. It seems to me that a theory of visual argument must offer an account or characterization of just what is meant by a —a definition, if you like, or at least an indication of how to revise traditional definitions which, as Groarke is aware, were drafted with verbal argument in mind. He says on page 105 that "I broaden this definition" but in fact he doe not offer any such broadened definition of argument. What exactly is a visual argument? There are two dimensions to this important question. First, how are we to understand what argument is? Second, under what conditions is that argument visual? To the first: any definition of visual argument will have to begin with some conception of argument. A lot has been written about this. Part of the informal logic intervention has been to criticize the conception of argument inherited from traditional modern logic. I think Groarke means to align his theory with that initiative. That is, I believe that it is Groarke’s intention to work with a conception of argument that is informal in character. Now while there is no such animal—that is, various informal logicians have various ways of conceptualizing argument—I think we can discern from what he has written what he takes an argument to be. For Groarke, a verbal argument is a collection of propositions in which one (the conclusion) is supported by others that together are meant to persuade rationally the recipient. (Some theorists will be quick to point out that this is just one function or use of argument, and that there are others---a point we shall be returning to later.)

What Is a Visual Argument?

What is a visual argument? It is an advertisement, chart, diagram, web page, photograph, or painting that communicates a POSITION through images rather than words. Evidence for the position will be inherant to the image.

The "visual argument" is a sort of argument that ..

What Is a Visual Argument? 90 It seems to me that a theory of visual argument must offer an account or characterization of just what is meant by a —a definition, if you like, or at least an indication of how to revise traditional definitions which, as Groarke is aware, were drafted with verbal argument in mind. He says on page 105 that "I broaden this definition" but in fact he doe not offer any such broadened definition of argument. What exactly is a visual argument? There are two dimensions to this important question. First, how are we to understand what argument is? Second, under what conditions is that argument visual?

In his paper “The Possibility and Actuality of Visual Arguments,” J

9 Conducting Visual Arguments - Pearson