Neoclassical Art is a severe and unemotional form of art harkening back to the grandeur of ancient Greece and Rome. Its rigidity was a reaction to the overbred style and the emotional charged style. The rise of Neoclassical Art was part of a general revival of interest in classical thought, which was of some importance in the American and French revolutions.
Important Neoclassicists include the architects and , the sculptors , and , and painters , and .
Neoclassical Art was also a primary influence on 19th-century What any "neo-classicism" depends on most fundamentally is a consensus about a body of work that has achieved status (illustration, below). These are the "classics." Ideally—and neoclassicism is essentially an art of an ideal—an artist, well schooled and comfortably familiar with the canon, does not repeat it in lifeless reproductions, but synthesizes the tradition anew in each work. This sets a high standard, clearly; but though a neoclassical artist who fails to achieve it may create works that are inane, vacuous or even mediocre, gaffes of taste and failures of craftsmanship are not commonly neoclassical failings. Novelty, improvisation, self-expression, and blinding inspiration are not neoclassical virtues. "Make it new" was the credo of the poet ; contrarily, neoclassicism does not seek to re-create art forms from the ground up with each new project. It instead exhibits perfect control of an idiom.
Neoclassicism Art - Artists, Artworks and Biographies
This controversial statue of George Washington was sculpted by the American artist Horatio Greenough. Washington is shown relinquishing his military command by holding forth his sword. The pose is based on Phidias' famous statue of Zeus at Olympia. The statue is a striking example of the way in which 19th century neoclassical artists embraced Greek models to portray American political leaders. The statue is on display in the Smithsonian.
This list may not reflect recent changes
List of famous Neoclassicism artists, with images, bios, and information about their notable works. All the greatest artists associated with the Neoclassicism movement are included here, along with clickable names for more details on that particular painter or sculptor. These notable Neoclassicism period artists are organized alphabetically, but you may sort this information by clicking any column. Every well-known or influential figure in this movement is listed below. You may want to copy this fact-based list to build your own just like it, re-rank it to fit your opinions, then publish it to share it on Facebook, Twitter or any other social sites you frequent. The list you're viewing contains artists like Anton Losenko and Ulisse Cambi. (38 items)
Neoclassical Art, Neoclassicism (1770-1830)