The issue of what causes individual differences in intelligence goes beyond psychology, and involves moral, political, ethical, educational, social, physiological and statistical issues to name just a few. The issue of how differences in intelligence come about between individuals and groups is a topic of much fascination and controversy - it can arouse strong reactions and elicit personal beliefs and biases.
Nature Nurture in Psychology | Simply Psychology
Are we in a similar place today in our study of ultradianrhythms made possible by 1) more than two centuries of observations since theastronomer de Mairan verified experimentally that living plants had their ownendogenous rhythms and 2) the current creation of a new mathematics, ChaosTheory, that seems capable of relating time to the deterministic yetbewilderingly complex rhythms we find characteristic of life at all levels fromthe molecular-genetic to the brain-mind? This chapter may be regarded as aprolegomenon to a highly speculative theory that proposes a fundamentally newintegration of biology and psychology via time, rhythm and the flow ofinformation. We will begin with an overview of the nature-nature controversyfrom this perspective and then summarize recent research that leads to anultradian theory of adaptive homeostasis, stress and healing in psychosomaticmedicine.
Nature and Nurture Debate - Genes or Environment?
The question of what determines human behavior in health andillness has been conceptualized as the so-called "Nature versus NatureControversy:" Is the source of a behavior to be found in endogenous,built-in genetic factors or is it better understood as an adaptive process toouter environmental circumstances? In the field of chronobiology this questiontakes a more precise form: Is the vast range of ultradian, circadian andseasonal rhythms that all of life is heir to primarily an expression ofendogenous or environmental signals? More than two centuries ago when theastronomer de Mairan first established the endogenous source of circadianrhythms in plants for chronobiology, a similar development was taking place inthe field of psychology. Mesmerism, the theory that the source of humanbehavior, health and illness was to be found in the influence of magnetic forcesemanating from the heavenly bodies, was being transformed into the field ofhypnosis, depth psychology and psychosomatic medicine where it was recognizedthat the sources of health, stress and psychopathology could be traced to morepotent, proximal, psychosocial sources acting within the person.
What is NATURE-NURTURE CONTROVERSY