Parker shows that Locke’s liberalism is inspired by his religiousvision and, particularly, his distinctive understanding of the earlychapters of the book of Genesis. Unlike Sir Robert Filmer, who understoodthe Bible to justify social hierarchies (i.e., the divine right ofthe king, the first-born son’s rights over other siblings, andthe “natural” subservience of women to men), Locke understoodfrom the Bible that humans are in a natural state of freedom and equalityto each other. The biblical debate between Filmer and Locke furnishesscholars with a better understanding of Lockes political views aspresented in his .
John Locke: Political Philosophy
I. Original Works. See H. O. Christopherson, A Bibliographical Introduction to the Study of John Locke (Oslo, 1930). Collected editions and selections of Locke’s work are The Works, 3 vols. (London, 1714), repr. throughout the eighteenth century; The Works, Edmund Law, ed., 4 vols. (London, 1777), the best collected ed.; The Philosophical Works, J. A. St. John, ed. (1843); and Locke on Politics, Religion and Education, M. Cranston, ed. (1965).
Who is John Locke? | John Locke Foundation
In 1665 Locke traveled to the Continent as secretary to the English ambassador to the Brandenburg court. Upon his return to England he chanced to medically attend Lord Ashley, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, and later lord chancellor of England. Their friendship and lifelong association drew Locke into political affairs. He attended Shaftesbury as physician and adviser, and in this latter capacity Locke drafted The Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina and served as secretary to the Board of Trade. In 1676 Locke went to France for his health. An inheritance from his father made him financially independent, and he remained in Montpellier for 3 years.
John Locke (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
John Locke was the son of a country attorney and was born on August 29, 1632 . ... Locke taught and lectured in subjects such as Greek, rhetoric, and Moral philosophy. ... By liberty, Locke meant political equality. ... They were not only fighting for their political freedom, but also their religious freedom. ... Locke's influence in modern philosophy has been profound and, with his application of experimental analysis to ethics, politics, and religion, he remains one of the most important and controversial philosophers of all time. ...