Although not specifically focused on citizenship, this influential contribution to the history of welfare in the United States emphasizes, inter alia, the agency of women’s voluntary organizations in the shaping of social policies in several American states at the beginning of the 20th century, long before women’s right to vote was passed.
Welfare in the United States commonly refers to ..
The history of welfare programs in the United States is a controversial one. Although many other nations in the world have welfare systems, some of which provide certain kinds of assistance for all citizens, the United States has always been divided in terms of what welfare means and who should receive welfare benefits. The welfare system in America underwent significant changes in the late 1990s in order to reduce the number of people receiving certain types of welfare benefits. This occurred as a result of political and economic changes that caused American society to reexamine the meaning of its welfare programs against a rising tide of concern about and disdain for public assistance. In order to understand the welfare system of the early twenty-first century, however, it is important to first understand and reflect upon the inception and history of welfare in the United States.
Welfare - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The history of race and welfare in the United States ismultilayered and complex, as demonstrated by these two books, eachof which makes a valuable, if different, contribution to theliterature. Michael K. Brown provides an in-depth chronologicalhistory of welfare policy in the United States, arguing that fiscallimitations as well as deep-seated racism shaped policy decisionson welfare. Brown believes that limitations in U.S. policymakingcapacity have left us with "truncated universalism," in which somesocial policies (Social Security and the G.I. bill) were successfulin covering broad categories of citizens, while others (Aid toDependent Children [ADC]) have been hamstrung by theirparticularism. Robert Lieberman provides a comparative case studyof three essential components of the Social Security Act of 1935:old-age insurance (OAI), ADC, and unemployment insurance, arguingthat the institutional framework set up for each of these policiesaffected its potential for expansion of coverage. He argues thatpolicymakers in 1935 were constrained by southern Democrats inCongress into making welfare policies that would allow fordiscrimination against blacks, either overtly or covertly. Bothbooks illuminate the complicated relationship between race,welfare, and politics in the United States.
In its early history, the United States was an expanding ..