Mapping also represents the interplay of society and technology as mapping technologies, ranging from the earliest forms of writing to modern satellite imaging and web-based social networks, spring from and play out in a social context.
British Museum - Historic writing
Writing, according to researchers' estimates, developed only recently in terms of human history (Schmandt-Besserat, 1978). Oral cultures dominated the early history of humankind, and primary oral cultures saw the development of much of the knowledge that made possible the future flowering of the great human civilizations. These great civilizations grew hand-in-hand with writing, the second great Information Revolution. About 5000 years ago the earliest forms of writing were developed in Sumeria (Schmandt-Besserat, 1978).
Historic writing The earliest form of writing
Cuneiform is one of the earliest forms of writing, appearing in the Middle East around 3000 BCE. Symbols were impressed into clay tablets using a stylus. Many forms of cuneiform were developed by a number of cultures over approximately three millennia, until other forms of writing came into use.
Language existed long before writing, ..