Neoclassicism (music) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In this third book of series editor Walter Simmons's alternative music history of Modern classical music, Tobin tries to define neoclassicism and, quite rightly, gives up. After all, the Nineteenth Century had evoked classicism in its own way, with works like Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Suite for Orchestra #4 "Mozartiana", Edvard Grieg's Aus Holbergs Zeit, and several works by Max Reger. The American neoclassicists differed too much in the actual sound of their music and in the degree to which they embraced the aesthetic to make a unified description likely. Tobin resorts to defining the aesthetic, whose main goals were structural and textural clarity and emotional restraint. He also gives a brief sketch of the rise and fall of neoclassicism. The former he traces to the influence of Stravinsky and, to a lesser extent, Hindemith as well as to the formidable pedagogue Nadia Boulanger, friend and supporter of Stravinsky, and teacher of many generations of American composers. Tobin ascribes the eclipse of neoclassicism mainly to the aggressive polemics of those on the serial side of things, which affected grant-giving organizations, academic hiring, and performing organizations' commissioning boards, although he also points to motives of individual composers who had become bored with the style or felt that it had played itself out in their own work.

and America still define Neoclassicism as an antibaroque reaction in eighteenth century

Aaron Copland (1900-1990) helped put finally America on the map for contributions to the classical music artform. One of his most famous compositions was , which marked a more eclectic approach, drawing from diverse influences. Ugor Stravinsky (1882-1971) was born in Russia then migrated to France then America. He was world famous for ballets such as , and . Another famous pieceby Stravinsky was in the late 1930s, which contained four movements and helped defineneoclassicism, a trend that moved away from the emotional aspects of Romanticism.

Classicism | Definition of classicism by Merriam-Webster

To take the most recent attempt to do so, Colander (2005a) defines neoclassicism, viz In the architectural and design publications that helped generate and define Neoclassicism, praise for linearity, lines, outlines, and contour was often accompanied by an equally high regard for utility. Antique works were read via their contours and the simple outlines of sculpture, vases, and red and black figure painting were analyzed through the outline drawing, a graphic idiom praised by contemporary audiences and practitioners as particularly well-suited to the expression of ancient aesthetic values.2 The outline drawing, which enjoyed widespread popularity c. 1800, mimicked its object of study, offering itself as a visual correlate and empathetic reflector of the newly unearthed ancient works which artists and the general public sought to understand. (Figure 1) George Cumberland, an advocate and theoretician of the outline drawing, suggested that if practiced by 'the hands of learned draughtsmen/ outlines could convey the spirit of the ancients, allowing their monuments to 'reach us uncontaminated and pure.'3

Classicism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

What Is Neoclassical Architecture?