Conclusions - The Writing Center

Supplementary material is peer-reviewed material directly relevant to the conclusion of a paper that cannot be included in the printed version for reasons of space or medium (for example, movie clips or sound files). The supplement will be available for download from the publisher's content library site at the time of publication.

A conclusion of a paper is not a regurgitation of what was stated previously

Weirdly, the number of heart attacks that were mysteriously not reported is the very number of heart attacks required to result in the five heart attacks having no statistical significance and therefore no right impacting the outcome reported in the Annals of Internal Medicine. The paper concludes with a resounding echo from the conclusion of a paper published in American Statistician 1975:

Strategies for Writing a Conclusion

The conclusion of a paper is where the author 'wraps up' his or her topic All research papers have conclusions that should be incredibly powerful. The conclusion of a paper should act as a summary of the paper. It should tie up any loose ends or ambiguous parts of the paper. After the conclusion the reader should feel as though they are a expert on the topic of animal cruelty. The most important thing to understand is that animal cruelty research paper should be well supported with facts.

How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper: 15 Steps

The librarians at the Scribner Library are here to answer any and all research questions, whether you're in the beginning stage of a project and in the process of refining a topic or nearing the conclusion of a paper and need one or two additional sources to put the finishing touches on your argument. Don’t hesitate to get in touch with us!

Edit Article How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper


The conclusion of a research paper needs to summarize the content and purpose of the paper without seeming too wooden or dry. Every basic conclusion must share several key elements, but there are also several tactics you can play around with to craft a more effective conclusion and several you should avoid in order to prevent yourself from weakening your paper's conclusion. Here are some writing tips to keep in mind when creating the conclusion for your next research paper.From the perspective of writers, a plethora of forms of outcome may seem legitimate and appropriate, but from the perspective of readers of research, it is confusing. My contention is that formulating the conclusion of a paper in the form of a carefully worded prediction is likely to be the most useful form of conclusion for many readers.