Structural-demographic causes of political instability: a talk for Symposium on Historical Analysis for Defence and Security, Portsmouth, UK; May 18-19, 2011
What are the causes of political instability in the region
At the same time the global community was witnessing ongoing turmoil, extremism, sectarianism, civil war and terrorism in the Middle East and North Africa and other regions of the world. The international community must be vigilant as migration flows increased as people left their homes in search of a better future and the refugee crisis persisted in countries and continents around the world. In order to reverse those worrying developments, global efforts had to be directed to all countries and regions in conflict zones, particularly the Middle East and North Africa, to ensure sustainable development. The root causes of political instability and economic security also must be addressed. For example, it was not enough to take action against individuals responsible for terrorist attacks; efforts had to be directed against the enablers of terrorism.
Causes of Political Instability: Framework for Analysis
My research focused on the current political situation in Moldova following multiple parliamentary elections in 2009 where no party received enough seats in Parliament needed to elect a President. I examined the ruling political parties and their leaders to determine which factors influenced voting preferences. Additionally, I traveled throughout the country, met with various NGOs, both local and international, attended conferences and political party workshops to assess the current situation and to gather expert opinions on the current political climate. Finally, I monitored the September 5 Referendum, which did not pass due to low voter turn out. In my research brief, I examine the causes of political instability and try to make sense of why Moldova is still struggling to form its own national identity and to establish a functional and stable democracy.
The Causes of Political Instability